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Summary


THE CITY OF JBEIL AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH THE ANCIENT WORLD
Archaeological excavations in the city of Jbeil, located on the Mediterranean Sea in Lebanon, show that there is no interruption in housing during the ages. The settlement dates back to the Neolithic Age and the Chalcolithic Age, and with the Bronze Age, Jbeil became a Canaanite city exporting cedar wood to Egypt, which relations with it back to the fourth millennium BC, where the need for Egypt to the timber to build temples and palaces and the tombs of kings and the ship industry. By the second millennium BC, evidence of the relations between Jbeil and Egypt increased. Jbeil began to be influenced by the Egyptian civilization until it was subject to Egyptian influence during this millennium. The princes of Jbeil became followers of the Pharaohs. In the second half of the second millennium BC, Jbeil was signed under the influence of the Hittites. And then in 1200 BC. destroyed by the peoples of the sea and then fell prey to the aspirations of the kings of Assyria and then the Achaemenids, Alexander the Macedonian and the Seleucids, until 64 BC where Jbeil became a Roman city with its temples and columns and streets.

Keywords
Jbeil, Egypt, Cedar trees, Occupation.

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