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Abstract


UNPLANNED URBAN EXPANSION AND THE SPREAD OF SLUMS IN THE CITY OF BAGHDAD
The housing problem is one of the widespread problems that are exacerbated greatly due to importance and vitality of this problem. Therefor this study aims to analyze the unplanned expansion of residential use resulting from the increase in the size of the population, which led to the fragmentation of housing units within the neighborhoods and the construction of unplanned random units, and that put pressure on the infrastructure services of the city of Baghdad. The natural of growth of the population and the internal displacement of the areas of security tension was behind the aggravation of the problem, as random housing reached 416 complexes that occupied an area of 37,87602 Km2 on 2018. The failure to develop solutions and remedies for this problem and the weakness of control and law of the violations were built on lands belonging to the state that belong to the Baghdad Municipality and the Ministry of Finance and Justice and other ministries. Moreover, these excesses affected the basic plan of the city of Baghdad and distorted its morphology, and became 26000unable to meet the needs of its inhabitants and put pressure on infrastructure services, as the number of slum-dwelling citizens reached about 2.600.000 people, which constituted 33% of the population of Baghdad.

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