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Abstract


ARTHUR DANTO FREEDOM: AFTER THE END OF ART
Art critic and philosopher Arthur Danto, who started art criticism in 1984 and has been writing art articles in the journal 'The Nation' since this year, stated that art ended in the 1960s in his famous article 'The End of Art' in his first year as a critic. Although it caused serious discussions, Danto continued his claim in the same way and published his book titled 'After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History' which he collected in a book ten years later in order to present his ideas and views in more detail within the framework of the assertion he claimed. However, this time, Danto felt the need to add 'After' to the name of his new book perhaps as a precaution against the possibilities of misunderstanding due to the name of the work as in his article. Because, although this title evoked negative feelings at first especially for those who did not read the book, with the statement “The End of Art”, Danto actually tried to explain the free, pluralist and irregular new structure of the art which succeeded in eluding from the specific formalism of the modern art and imitation of the representative arts. Therefore, he made definitions such as 'Art After the End of Art' and 'Post-Historical Art'. What distinguishes Danto from other art critics is that he succeeded in facing the people, who are accustomed to express and interpret art with certain standards, stereotyped norms and principles, with a critical program that he developed based on a unique historical and cultural model and methodology. Accordingly, Danto mostly focuses on issues that take into account the transitions at the transformation and change points of art, how art has become free from past to today and what kind of alternatives it can offer. In this study, the dominant concepts put forward by Danto regarding 'The End of Art' were discussed and the stop points, breaks and changes in the journey of the art from representative competence to postmodernism were tried to be expressed under the seven titles created.

Keywords
Foresight, Objective Historical Structures, Post-History Art, Liberation of Art, Pop Art.


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